|Posted by kelvinansel69 on April 15, 2012 at 9:10 AM|
It might be startling for somepeople to learn that the hardest addiction to overcome is the addiction tonicotine. According to some studies, about 30 percent of people who usenicotine over time become addicted to it. The next most addictive drug iscaffeine. About 30 percent of its users become addicted over time as well. Butbecause these drugs are legal and socially acceptable, people don’t considerthem to bring the same level of economic, legal and physiological hazard as thenext most addictive drug, which is heroin. Even though the consequences ofnicotine addiction can be deadly, the “munchies” and mood swings of peoplegiving up smoking or caffeine is often used as joke material.
Heroin used tobe legal and was used for many medical conditions until doctors began to noticethat their patients were becoming addicted to it, with terrifying results.
Heroin is a mu-opiod, which means it latches on to the mu-opiod receptors inthe central nervous system and the brain. Heroin has been medicinally used apain killer and is also used recreationally for the intense euphoria itproduces. Over time, recreational use can lead to tolerance, then physical dependency,then full blown addiction. Tolerance means that the body eventually needs moreof the drug for the same level of euphoria. Physical dependence comes when thepatient starts to experience withdrawal symptoms if they quit heroin abruptly.Some experts don’t see much difference between physical dependence andaddiction, though others believe that addiction has a compulsive quality that'sno longer under the heroin user’s conscious control. With addiction, the usermust have the drug and will do anything to get it, even at great cost tothemselves and others, even loved ones. Because of this, heroin users, eventhose who might be inpatients at a Los Angeles drug rehab,can be expected to relapse. About 30 to 50 percent of heroin addicts relapseafter they get out of rehab.
Because the patient is so out of control with a heroin addiction, experts alsorecommend that several modalities must be used to treat it. This might includethe patient’s physician prescribing drugs to help the patient throughwithdrawal, therapy, familial interventions, support from legal and socialinstitutions and rehab centers. Some physicians recommend that changes in dietand exercise also be used to help the addict recover. In their need for thedrug, addicts often don’t take care of their health.
Many drug rehabilitation and medical professionals believe heroin addiction hasto be considered a chronic condition and like any patient with a chronicillness, heroin addicts will need to be monitored for the rest of their lives.